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About Chicago musical
Chicago is an American musical with music by John Kander, lyrics by Fred Ebb, and book by Ebb and Bob Fosse. Set in Jazz Age Chicago, the musical is based on a 1926 play of the same name by reporter Maurine Dallas Watkins about actual criminals and crimes she reported on. The story is a satire on corruption in the administration of criminal justice and the concept of the “celebrity criminal”.
The original Broadway production opened in 1975 at the 46th Street Theatre and ran for 936 performances until 1977. Bob Fosse choreographed the original production, and his style is strongly identified with the show. Following a West End debut in 1979 which ran for 600 performances, Chicago was revived on Broadway in 1996, and a year later in the West End.
The Broadway revival holds the record as the longest-running musical revival and the longest-running American musical in Broadway history. It is the second longest-running show in Broadway history, behind only The Phantom of the Opera, having played its 7,486th performance on November 23, 2014, surpassing Cats. The West End revival became the longest-running American musical in West End history. Chicago has been staged in numerous productions around the world, and has toured extensively in the United States and United Kingdom. The 2002 film version of the musical won the Academy Award for Best Picture.
The original finale was “Loopin’ the Loop”, a doubles act with Gwen Verdon and Chita Rivera; however, “the scene seemed too much like an amateur act so Fosse asked for something more ‘glamorous in pretty gowns'”. The piece was cut and replaced with “Nowadays”. Instrumental sections of “Loopin’ the Loop” can still be heard in the Overture. Two other sections termed “Keep It Hot” and “RSVP” were cut from the finale as well. Another principal character, a theatrical agent named Harry Glassman, was played by David Rounds, whose role was to exploit the notoriety of the prisoners for his own gain. He also served as the evening’s M.C. This character’s role and the song “Ten Percent” was cut, with the character folded into that of Matron Mama Morton, and various members of the chorus shared his M.C. duties.
In a reversal of roles, Fosse decided the lyrics to the number “Class” were too offensive and censored Kander and Ebb’s original version of the song. One of the original lyrics “Every guy is a snot/Every girl is a twat” was restored for the 2002 movie, although the entire number was cut from the final release of the movie.